Americans with Disabilities Act
The Americans with Disabilities Act (commonly called ADA)
gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities
similar to the protections provided to individuals on the
basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities
in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state
and local government services, and telecommunications.
The ADA prohibits discrimination in all employment practices,
including job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement,
compensation, training, and other terms, conditions, and privileges
of employment. It also requires equivalent access in all places
of "public accommodation," which includes a wide
range of entities, such as restaurants, hotels, theaters,
doctors' offices, pharmacies, retail stores, museums, libraries,
parks, private schools, and day-care centers.
Private clubs and religious organizations are exempt from
the ADA's Title III requirements for public accommodations,
although many will provide assistive listening devices voluntarily.